Helical gears are often the default choice in applications that are ideal for spur gears but have non-parallel shafts. Also, they are utilized in applications that want high speeds or high loading. And regardless of the load or quickness, they generally provide smoother, quieter operation than spur gears.
Rack and pinion is useful to convert rotational motion to linear motion. A rack is straight teeth cut into one surface area of rectangular or cylindrical rod designed material, and a pinion is definitely a small cylindrical equipment meshing with the rack. There are numerous methods to categorize gears. If the relative position of the apparatus shaft is used, a rack and pinion belongs to the parallel shaft type.
I have a question about “pressuring” the Pinion in to the Rack to reduce backlash. I have read that the bigger the diameter of the pinion gear, the less likely it will “jam” or “stick in to the rack, however the trade off may be the gear ratio increase. Also, the 20 degree pressure rack is preferable to the 14.5 level pressure rack because of this use. However, I can’t discover any information on “pressuring “helical racks.
Originally, and mostly because of the weight of our gantry, we had decided on bigger 34 frame motors, spinning in 25:1 gear boxes, with a 18T / 1.50” diameter “Helical Gear” pinion riding upon a 26mm (1.02”) face width rack as given by Atlanta Drive. For the record, the engine plate is usually bolted to two THK Linear rails with dual cars on each rail (yes, I know….overkill). I what then planning on pushing up on the motor plate with either an Air ram or a gas shock.
Do / should / may we still “pressure drive” the pinion up into a Helical rack to help expand reduce the Backlash, and in doing so, what would be a good starting force pressure.
Would the use of a gas pressure shock(s) work as efficiently as an Surroundings ram? I like the thought of two smaller push gas shocks that equal the total power needed as a redundant back-up system. I would rather not operate the surroundings lines, and pressure regulators.
If the idea of pressuring the rack is not acceptable, would a “version” of a turn buckle type device that would be machined to the same size and form of the gas shock/air ram work to adapt the pinion placement into the rack (still using the slides)?
But the inclined angle of one’s teeth also causes sliding contact between your teeth, which produces axial forces and heat, decreasing effectiveness. These axial forces play a significant part in bearing selection for helical gears. Because the bearings have to withstand both radial and axial forces, helical gears need thrust or roller bearings, which are typically larger (and more expensive) than the simple bearings used in combination with spur gears. The axial forces vary compared to the magnitude of the tangent of the helix angle. Although larger helix angles provide higher quickness and smoother motion, the helix position is typically limited to 45 degrees due to the creation of axial forces.
The axial loads made by helical gears could be countered by using double helical or herringbone gears. These arrangements have the appearance of two helical gears with opposing hands mounted back-to-back, although in reality they are machined from the same equipment. (The difference between the two designs is that dual helical gears possess a groove in the centre, between the the teeth, whereas herringbone gears usually do not.) This set up cancels out the axial forces on each set of teeth, so larger helix angles can be used. It also eliminates the need for thrust bearings.
Helical Gear Rack Besides smoother motion, higher speed capability, and less sound, another benefit that helical gears provide more than spur gears may be the ability to be used with either parallel or non-parallel (crossed) shafts. Helical gears with parallel shafts require the same helix position, but reverse hands (i.electronic. right-handed teeth versus. left-handed teeth).
When crossed helical gears are used, they could be of possibly the same or opposing hands. If the gears have the same hands, the sum of the helix angles should the same the angle between your shafts. The most common example of this are crossed helical gears with perpendicular (i.e. 90 level) shafts. Both gears have the same hand, and the sum of their helix angles equals 90 degrees. For configurations with opposing hands, the difference between helix angles should the same the angle between your shafts. Crossed helical gears provide flexibility in design, but the contact between the teeth is closer to point get in touch with than line contact, therefore they have lower drive features than parallel shaft designs.