Single-Phase Induction Motors
The single-phase motor operates under the same principle as the polyphase engine, except that the rotating magnetic field effect generated by the stator does not exist until running rpm is reached. Since no starting torque is obtainable, a design system is included to begin the motor. They are the various designations:
Torque-Speed Curves of Different Single-Phase Induction Motors
Shaded-pole: Have only one main winding and no start winding. This configuration causes a change of the used magnetic field in romantic relationship to the rotor, creating stating torque. Applications consist of followers and small appliances.
Split-Phase (induction start engine)
Has two pieces of stator windings. The “start” windings sit 90 degrees to the “run” windings and shift the magnetic field of the stator, inducing beginning torque. Applications include small grinders, small fans, and blowers.
The most typical single-phase motor found in industrial applications. It is a altered split-phase engine with a capacitor in series with the start winding to provide a start boost. App include small conveyors, large sprockets blowers, pumps, and direct-drives.
Uses identical primary and auxiliary windings with a capacitor to supply starting torque. They will be the most reliable single-phase engine because no centrifugal starting switch is necessary. Applications include supporters and pumps in HVAC and refrigeration industries.